Marcus M. Witcher, 20th Century U.S. History
Department of History, Huntingdon College
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Intro to Historical Thinking
World Civilizations I
Student Engagement - Service
Public Talks and Outreach
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World Civilizations I
Potential Essay Questions for Exams:
Part One: From the Dawn of Civilization to the Fall of Rome
1. Introductory Lecture
How to Read a Document"
2. The Ancient Near East
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Code of Hammurabi
3. Egyptian Civilization
"The Book of the Dead"
4. The Early Greeks and the Rise of the Greek Polis
Aristotle, "The Constitution of Athens"
5. Divergent Models of the Polis: Athens, Sparta, and Corinth
Xenophon, "The Spartan Constitution"
"The Greek Polis: Two Ways of Life"
6. The Peloponnesian War
Thucydides, "History of the Peloponnesian War"
7. The Macedonian Empire and its Dissolution
Arrian, "The Life of Alexander the Great"
8. Early Rome and the Roman Republic
Polybius, "The Roman Constitution"
Plutarch, "The Life of Cato the Elder"
9. Crisis in the Roman Republic
"Decline of the Republic"
"Breakdown of Roman Unity"
10. The Fall of the Republic and the Beginning of the Imperial Period
Suetonius, "The Life of Augustus"
11. Imperial Rome and Early Christianity
St. Paul, "Epistle to the Romans
Pliny, "A Consultation Concerning the Christians"
St. Augustine, "The City of God"
12. The Conversion of the Empire and the "Barbarian" Threat
13. The Dissolution of the Roman Empire in the West
Part Two: From the Fall of Rome to the Reformation
14. Early Medieval Europe
15. The Franks and Medieval Society
Finhard, "Life of Charlemagne"
16. Viking Culture and Society
17. The Idea of England: Alfred the Great and His Progeny
18. The Medieval Church and Spiritual-Secular Conflicts
"Investiture Conflict Documents"
19. Monarchies, Papal and Secular
The Magna Carta
"Eyewitness Account of the Fourth Lateran Council"
. The Rise of Islam
Ibn Ishaq, "The Life of Muhammad"
. The Crusades
Fulcher of Chartres, "The First Crusade and the Siege of Jerusalem"
Iban Al-Qalanisi, "The Damascus Chronicle"
. Medieval Intellectual Life
Thomas Aquinas, "Summa Theologica"
Christine de Pisan, "The Book of the City of Ladies"
23. Towns, Trade, and the Black Death
Matteo Villani, "Description of the Plague in Florence"
24. Renaissance I: Humanism and Culture
Francesco Petarca, "Letters"
Giorgio Vasari, "The Life of Leonardo da Vinci"
Leon Battista Alberti,
On the Family
25. Renaissance II: Machiavelli and Secular Politics
26. Luther and the Protestant Reformation I
In Praise of Folly
Sir Thomas Moore,
Martin Luther, "The Freedom of a Christian"
27. Luther and the Protestant Reformation II